The Work Of Embryonic Stem Cells

 

Embryos are as a result of division of the egg cell soon after fertilization. The embryos are responsible for the various types of cells found in the human. The cells perform different functions including protecting the body and ensuring the proper function of the various body parts. However, in this article, we will focus more on how embryonic stem cells work.
How do scientists get the stem cells?
To begin with, scientists get these stem cells in two ways. These are:

vitro fertilization

In this method, scientists collect the couples’ sperms and eggs and place them in a culture dish. When the eggs develop to embryos soon after fertilization, they are transferred to the female for further growth.

Therapeutic cloning

Here, the scientists merge a cell from a patient in need of cloning with an egg from a donor. Electricity is then put to use ensuring that they chemically divide. This increases the compatibility rate.
How do embryonic stem cells work?
While it is true both the above two ways are controversial, once they are in the female, the embryonic stem cells work the same way. In a period ranging from between two to five days, the embryo undergoes development that sees it to become a blastocyst. Every blastocyst has over a hundred stem cells that develop into different types of cells as time goes by.